climate situation in Iraq
The second half of the last century a continuous rise in global average temperatures throughout the country was the overall rate in Baghdad as the information indicates the meteorology of Iraq to the overall rate of maximum temperatures in Baghdad for the years 1941 - 1970 he was 22.9 degree Celsius, and rose to reach 32.6 degree Celsius in 2000, and the impact of this climate change on rainfall, which decreased the other significantly, causing the growing status of desertification and dust pollution that Iraq was experienced mainly as part of a desert area and occupy Western Sahara, 70% of the total area of the country.
The negative effects of climate change on the environment in Iraq:
A large number of climate impacts and environmental impacts caused by climate change because rising temperatures over the past few years, including:
1 - increased need for water in urban parks (Baghdad and the provinces) that has worsened under the impact of population growth and the increasing tendency to migrate from the countryside to the city, at a time of scarce water resources for political reasons and natural.
2 - increased salinity in the water resources in the country, including the Tigris and Euphrates rivers due to increased evaporation rates associated with high temperatures.
3 - There is no doubt that the high temperature for normal rates would impact negatively on the plants in agricultural areas and natural, has been observed the death of some types of plants used in the afforestation of the sidewalks and green spaces in Baghdad in the scorching heat wave last summer.
4 - affects the temperature rise on fisheries is negative, on the one hand it raises the temperature of the water and such a change is a threat to the fish, one of the other side because of low dissolved oxygen in the water.
Notes from the foregoing that the general areas of Iraq is threatened by high temperature to more than current rates, and this increase will be environmental consequences in Baghdad you will see more than other areas, unless action is taken to address the situation, and the most important environmental consequences of rising temperatures as follows:
1 - increased drought than it is now because of increased evaporation and decreased rainfall, as well as the declining share of water entering water because of differences with Turkey and the increasing incidence of dust storms in terms of frequency and intensity (concentration of dust in the air)
2 - shrinking green space in cities because of the death of some sensitive plant species on the one hand and the decline of irrigation.
3 - influenced by agricultural activity due to reduced irrigation and drought increase, unless action is taken to address effectively.
4 - decreased due to increased groundwater withdrawals expected it, and decreasing annual rainfall amounts
By Dr. Hamid al- Mousawi
*the picture belongs to one of the Iraqi lagoon